Fred Hoyle: An Online Exhibition

Steady-State Universe

A New Model for the Expanding Universe

In 1948 Hoyle, Bondi and Gold published their bold ideas in two papers in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS):

Hermann Bondi and Thomas Gold, ‘The steady-state theory of the expanding universe’, MNRAS 108 (1948), pp. 252-270.

Fred Hoyle, ‘A new model for the expanding universe’, MNRAS 108 (1948), pp. 372-382.

They described the new cosmology as ‘steady state’ since the resulting universe would have the same physical appearance no matter when or where it was observed. This image shows the first page of Hoyle’s autograph copy of his first paper on the theory of the continuous creation of matter.

Hoyle, Bondi and Gold | A New Model for the Expanding Universe

Autograph manuscript of the first page of HOyle's first paper on the continuous creation of matter

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