Inigo Jones, The most notable antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone-Heng on Salisbury plain (London, 1655).

In this posthumous publication an argument put forward by Inigo Jones was reconstructed from notes he had made when surveying the monument at the personal request of James I. The conclusion that Stonehenge was not built by the ancient Britons, but was, in fact, a Roman temple of the Tuscan order to the sky god Coelus, seems rather more like a justification for Jones’s introduction of neo-classical architectural principles to Britain, than a considered appraisal of the site itself.

Gift of Henry Paman.